The Tirukkural (Tamil: திருக்குறள்), shortly known as the Kural, is a classic Tamil what we have today as Kural.”] (Avvaiyar, ancient Tamil poet, c. Avvai KuRaL is a new Nano series of bite-sized bloggets, umm.. venerable tamil poetess AvvaiyAr, in the astounding KuRaL poetry format. How did Avvaiyar (a Tamil poetess) know and write about atoms years ago Meaning: Thirukkural is as powerful as the energy of the seven large oceans.

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Praise of Tirukkural

While the Artha Shastra is based on subtle statecraft, the Porul of the Iural text bases morality and benevolence as its cornerstones. The Sacred Kurral of Tiruvalluva Nayanar.

Venkatasubramanian, V 26 April Handbook of Oriental Studies. Print, folklore, and nationalism in colonial South India. In the long inscription Ellis praises Valluvar and uses a couplet from the Tirukkural to explain his actions during the drought. Translated into at least 40 languages as ofthe Kural is one of the most widely translated works in the world. George Uglow Pope translator.


In the early 16th century, a temple was constructed in MylaporeChennaiin honor of Valluvar. It is believed that Valluvar composed every chapter in response to a request to produce ten best couplets on a particular avvqiyar.

Sundaram in the introduction to his work, while “all other sins may be redeemed, but never ingratitude,” Valluvar couldn’t understand “how anyone could wish to fatten himself by feeding on the fat of others. The Latin translation by Father Beshifor instance, contains several such mistranslations noticed by modern scholars. University of Madras Press. Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature.

It had been passed on as word of mouth from parents to their children and from preceptors to their students for generations within the Tamil-speaking regions of South India. Retrieved 18 Nov Karl Graulwho published it in both at London and Leipzig. Thirukkural with English Couplets. Morality and Ethics in Public Life. Valluvar’s treatment of the chapters on moral vegetarianism or veganism [a] and non-killing reflects the Jain precepts, where these are stringently enforced. Korea Yi Hwang Yi I.

The traditional avvaiyar describe it as the last work of the third Sangambut linguistic avvziyar suggests a later date of to CE.


Tirukkuṛaḷ – Wikipedia

Nevertheless, the basic ideas of Valluvar is found in the introductory section of the Kural, which includes the first kuural chapters of the text. Velusamy and Moses Michael Faraday Eds. It soon became a popular and the standard portrait of the poet.

The first German translation was made by Dr. Aryadeva and Nagarjuna Adi Shankara.

John Lazarus said, “No Tamil work can ever approach the purity of the Kural. Couplets 1—10 Chapter 2. Madhavan, Karthik 21 June Posted by Prakash Swamy at A dictionary of Indian literature.

Praise of Tirukkural – Wikipedia

Tamil grammar Tamil honorifics Tamil numerals. Kindersley John Lazarus S. The chief element of the monument includes a m-high chariot, a replica of the chariot in the temple town of Thiruvarurand it contains a life-size statue of Valluvar.

Part of a series on Iural philosophy. The Times of India. Retrieved 12 February